Nature park Zlatni pjasatsi: Fauna
The deciduous plant communities, the low percentage of open park areas as well as the degree of urbanization determine the faunistic diversity of the park. 7 amphibian species, 8 reptile species, 70 bird species and more than 20 mammal species populate Nature Park Zlatni Pyasatsi. The forest inhabitants have the widest distribution.
The Aesculapian snake, the green whip snake and the tortoise are protected reptile species.
70 bird species are found on the territory of the park. Most of them are typical forest inhabitants. Blackbirds, thrushes, tits, woodpeckers and jays are the most common. Common buzzards, goshawks, eagle owls, tawny owls etc. are representatives of the predatory birds that can be seen in the park. Moorhens, green-headed duck etc. are found in water basins.
Mammals are presented by roe deer, red deer, wild boar, squirrel, beech marten, hare, etc. Among them protected species are the hedgehog, pine martens, bats.
The diversity of insects is great as well. The most attractive species are the stag beetle and different butterflies that inhabit the open areas – swallowtail, admiral, small tortoise shell etc.
More than 300 species of invertebrates and vertebrates have been recorded in Protected Area Pobiti Kamani. On international level, pursuant to the Bern Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats, 45 species are with protected status. They include 2 species of amphibians, 10 species of reptiles, 9 species of mammals and 24 species of birds.
The ecological conditions in the stone groups condition the presence of 114 species of birds adapted to living in open dry habitats. Fifty five of them are nesting, and the other 59 species are observed regularly or periodically during migrations and wintering or when they look for food during breeding periods. In general 24 species of the whole nesting fauna of Protected Area Pobiti Kamani are to a certain extent threatened with extinction in Europe. Among them is the Long-legged buzzard (Buteo rufinus), whose population is threatened with extinction, as well as 6 other species, whose populations in Europe are highly vulnerable – Eurasian eagle owl (Bubo bubo), stone curlew (Burhinus oedicnemus), tawny pipit (Anthus campestris) and others.